Flight / Hangar Deck
Flight Hanger Deck
Aviation Boatswain's Mates remove chocks and tie down chains from a U.S. Marine Corps AV-8B Harrier on the flight deck of the amphibious assault ship USS PELELIU (LHA 5).
U.S. Navy photo by Journalist 2nd Class Zack Baddorf

General Overview

  • Coatings designed specifically for the hangar, flight, and vertical replenishment (VERTREP) deck areas of U.S. Navy ships.
  • These coated areas are subjected to aircraft landing gear, tailhooks, arresting wires, safety chains, equipment movement, sun exposure and jet engine exhaust.
  • Deck areas are coated with a rugged non-skid that provides slip resistance for both aircraft and people.
  • The non-skid coating has a raised surface profile for slip resistance and must be resistant to the wear and tear of machinery moving across the surface as well as the constant exposure to salt air and spray, UV rays and heat.
  • Touch-up and repair is generally accomplished by ship�s force or by a repair activity during maintenance availabilities.


New Technology Areas

UV Resistant Coatings
  • The constant exposure to the sun's rays causes breakdown of the coating as well as color loss.
  • Marine coating manufacturers are developing and testing more UV resistant coatings that can resist this deterioration.
Enhanced Durability Coatings
  • Constant exposure to aircraft landing gear, safety chains, and deck equipment movement requires a non-skid coating system that will stand up to this type of operational environment.


High Heat-Resistant Non-Skid
  • A non-skid surface with enhanced heat resistant capabilities will be required to meet the operational envelope of the Joint Strike Fighter and V-22 Osprey aircraft. Specifically, exhaust gas temperatures will be much higher than produced by previous Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing aircraft.
Low Sonar Absorbing Non-Skid
  • Products with characteristics similar to those now available in haze gray topside coatings are being developed and tested to reduce interior compartment heat loads

Surface Preparation Requirements

  • Near White Metal Blast - NACE 2 / SSPC-SP10
  • Surface Preparation and Cleaning of Metals by Waterjetting prior to recoating – NACE 5 / SSPC-SP 12

Approved Coatings and Applicable Coating Specifications

Material:  Non-Skid Epoxy

Please see NAVSEA Standard Item 009-32  and the NAVSEA Approved Coatings Messages for additional approved coatings.

U.S. Navy Guidelines and Instructions
Coating Application Process
Preservation Process Instructions (PPIs) were developed by NAVSEA 05P23 to document the latest requirements and procedures for coating applications. These documents contain information on cleaning, surface preparation, coating application, quality assurance requirements, checkpoints, and QA inspection forms. The applicable PPIs for flight deck, hangar deck and VERTREP non-skid areas are linked below:

Preservation Process Instructions

  • PPI 63101-000 Core
  • PPI 63421-001AH-A Aircraft Carrier Non-Skid Systems and Deck Gray Coating Systems with a Cleanliness Level of SSPC-SP-10 Surface Preparation (High Durability)
  • PPI 63421-001AH-B Aircraft Carrier Non-skid systems and deck gray coating systems with a Cleanliness Level of SSPC-SP-12 WJ-2L Surface Preparation (High Durability)
  • PPI 63421-004SF Aircraft Carrier Fast Cure Non-skid system(s) for TEMPORARY REPAIR with Cleanliness Level of SSPC-SP-3 (Minimum) Surface Preparation (For Ship’s Force Installation ONLY)

Key Application Requirements

Key application requirements to be followed during preservation practices are referenced in a variety of document sources. These parameters should be considered and monitored during all preservation practices to assist in ensuring the longevity and service life expectancy of a coating.

The requirements specified in the job order, ship specifications, 009-32, NSTMs, PPIs and additional repair documents have been tested and have proved the most effective measure to ensure coating service life. Some of the requirements referenced include environmental and quality assurance monitoring such as dehumidification, temperature, surface profile measurements and coating thickness measurements.

For more information on these parameters, see Key Application Requirements.

Repair Requirements

Ship’s Force

Ship's force personnel are primarily responsible for maintaining non-skid coating system integrity until repair is scheduled. Naval Ships' Technical Manuals are the primary source of information for ship's force personnel. The applicable Chapters for surface ship non-skid preservation are listed below.

  • Naval Ships' Technical Manual (NSTM) Chapter 634, Deck Coverings
  • Sections 634-3.25 through 634-3.36 apply.

Repair Activities

The Standard Specification for Ship Repair and Alteration Committee (SSRAC) is responsible for providing technically and contractually sound standards for the Navy's ship repair and alteration community. The NAVSEA Standard Item applicable to surface ship preservation is Standard Item 009-32, "Cleaning and Painting Requirements." It contains cleanliness, surface preparation, and coating application requirements, along with complete system application instructions for each product (number of coats, coating thickness per coat, etc.) approved for flight deck, hangar deck and VERTREP area preservation.

All current NAVSEA Standard Items may be found here.

New Construction Ships

New construction ships are painted in accordance with the applicable sections of the specific Ship Specification for that class of ship.